WordPress Security Audit

Last Updated:July 1, 2023

Performing a security audit on a WordPress site is an essential step to ensure the safety and integrity of the website. While there isn’t a one-size-fits-all template for a security audit, here are some key areas to consider when conducting a WordPress security audit:

  1. WordPress Core:
  • Ensure the WordPress core is up to date with the latest version.
  • Verify the integrity of core files by comparing them with the official WordPress repository.
  • Check for any known vulnerabilities or security patches.
  1. Themes and Plugins:
  • Update all installed themes and plugins to their latest versions.
  • Remove any unused themes and plugins.
  • Check the reputation and security track record of the themes and plugins.
  • Verify if themes and plugins are from trusted sources.
  1. User Accounts and Access:
  • Review user accounts and their roles, removing any unnecessary or inactive accounts.
  • Ensure strong passwords are enforced for all user accounts.
  • Implement two-factor authentication (2FA) for enhanced security.
  • Restrict access to sensitive areas by granting appropriate user roles and permissions.
  1. File Permissions and Security:
  • Verify that file permissions are set correctly to prevent unauthorized access.
  • Restrict write permissions on critical files and directories.
  • Disable file editing through the WordPress admin panel.
  • Implement secure file transfer protocols (e.g., SFTP) for file management.
  1. Database Security:
  • Change the default database table prefix to avoid common hacking attempts.
  • Regularly backup the database and ensure backups are stored securely.
  • Remove any unnecessary database tables or entries.
  1. Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Encryption:
  • Implement SSL/TLS certificates to enable secure HTTPS connections.
  • Ensure sensitive data, such as login credentials, are transmitted securely.
  1. Firewall and Security Plugins:
  • Install and configure a reputable security plugin to enhance WordPress security.
  • Set up a web application firewall (WAF) to filter and block malicious traffic.
  1. Vulnerability Scanning and Malware Detection:
  • Conduct regular vulnerability scans using security tools or services.
  • Perform malware scans to identify any infected files or code.
  1. Logging and Monitoring:
  • Enable logging and monitoring features to track suspicious activities.
  • Set up alerts for any unusual or malicious behavior.
  1. Backups and Disaster Recovery:
    • Implement a robust backup solution to regularly backup the entire website.
    • Test the restoration process to ensure backups are valid and reliable.

Remember, the above points are a starting point, and it’s important to tailor the security audit based on the specific needs of the website. Additionally, consider consulting with a cybersecurity professional or utilizing specialized WordPress security plugins or services to enhance the security of your WordPress site.